What Causes Fibromyalgia?
The short answer is that we really do not know what causes fibromyalgia.
The National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases of the National Institute of Health says:
“The causes of fibromyalgia are unknown, but there are probably a number of factors involved. Many people associate the development of fibromyalgia with a physically or emotionally stressful or traumatic event, such as an automobile accident. Some connect it to repetitive injuries. Others link it to an illness. For others, fibromyalgia seems to occur spontaneously.”
Problems in Pain Processing
“Many researchers are examining other causes, including problems with how the central nervous system (the brain and spinal cord) processes pain.”
“Some scientists speculate that a person’s genes may regulate the way his or her body processes painful stimuli. According to this theory, people with fibromyalgia may have a gene or genes that cause them to react strongly to stimuli that most people would not perceive as painful. There have already been several genes identified that occur more commonly in fibromyalgia patients, and NIAMS-supported researchers are currently looking at other possibilities.”
The United Kingdom’s National Health Service lists these as the causes:
- Abnormal pain messages
- Chemical imbalances which regulate mood, appetite, sleep, behavior and stress responses.
- Sleep problems
- Possible triggers. These include an injury, viral infection, giving birth, breakdown of a relationship, being in an abusive relationship, death of a loved one.
to learn more about the causes of and treatments for Fibromyalgia.